A Japanese Revolution that led to an Imperial Japan

The Japanese revolution, also known as the Meiji restoration, was a critical period in Japan's transition from a pre-modern to a modern society. The Meiji restoration had an impact on Japan's social, political, and economic aspects, as well as its military.

Japan rapidly industrialized and adopted Western ideas and production methods during this period, resulting in unprecedented changes in the Japanese economy, social fabric, and military. This had an impact not only on the country, but on the entire world.

Source - Blogger

  • The Japanese revolution was a political revolution in 1868 that resulted in the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate (military government), effectively ending the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603-1867) and returning control of the country to direct imperial rule under Mutsuhito (the emperor Meiji).
  • However, in a broader context, the Meiji Restoration of 1868 became associated with the subsequent era of major political, economic, and social change. This era saw the country's modernization and Westernization.
  • The restoration event itself was a coup d'├ętat on January 3, 1868 in Kyoto, the ancient imperial capital.
  • The perpetrators declared the overthrow of Tokugawa Yoshinobu (the last shogun), who was no longer effective in power by late 1867, and proclaimed the young Meiji emperor to be the ruler of Japan. Yoshinobu waged a brief civil war before surrendering to imperial forces in June 1869.

Transformation of Japan after Japanese revolution

  • The Meiji Restoration was successful in establishing a bureaucratic, centralized administration.
  • The light industry will have undergone a revolution by the end of the century, and the country's communication and transportation systems will have improved.
  • The rigid class system that characterized the feudal era was also destroyed.
  • Universal education was first implemented in Japan. Education incorporated both Western and Japanese cultural concepts. Japan's population became suddenly more educated and socially mobile.
  • After the traditional samurai system was abolished, a conscript military modelled after the West was established. The military started to modernize, which helped it win the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese Wars.
  • Adopted the slogan "Wealthy Country, Strong Arms," which became a central tenet of Japan's imperialist expansion.
  • Contact with Europeans was promoted. Even the government was structured along Western lines. A Japanese parliament, known as the Diet, was established in the manner of the Dutch parliament. Trade also increased, leading to the development of the banking and financial system. 

Impact of the Industrial Revolution on Japan

  • Japan's rapid industrialization aided its military modernization to the point where it could compete with major European powers. Russia would be the first. In 1904 the Japanese army and navy invaded Russian-held Korean territory, dealing the Russian Empire a number of setbacks.
  • The battle of Tsushima in 1905, in which the Japanese navy completely destroyed the Russian Baltic fleet, proved to be a watershed moment in the war. For the first time in history, an Asian fleet annihilated a European navy.
  • The world powers of the time would look at Japan with astonishment and trepidation as it transitioned from an agricultural backwater to a significant superpower.
  • Japan fought alongside the Allies during World War I, but it was still ignored when Germany lost the war and its colonies were divided among the war's winners. Frustrated, Japan would strengthen the Axis coalition by forging new alliances with former adversaries.
  • Japan would invade China in 1936, much to the chagrin of the League of Nations, as its confidence in its own industrial strength grew. Japan launched World War II in the Pacific by attacking the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in December 1941, but this time it would face the foe that had first opened its doors to the industrial revolution.
  • Japan believed that no one could prevent it from establishing its own colonial empire.
  • A new Constitution was established. Japan's industrial revolution resulted in new legislation.


The Japanese Industrial Revolution made a significant contribution to capitalism, economic development, and industrial progress in the country.

Furthermore, it marked the end of the Edo period Japanese military system's Tokugawa shogunate policy, which oversaw both the government and the daimyo (from 1603 to 1868).
The Meiji era's ideas and concepts aided the Japanese Industrial Revolution. In addition, the adoption of twin policies came to an end.
The Meiji restoration was a huge success in the end. Some of the alterations are still practiced in Japan. Japan rose to become the dominant Asian power of its day as a result of the benefits of the industrial revolution.

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