Media: The Fourth pillar of Democracy

Media: The Fourth pillar of Democracy

The fourth pillar of democracy is the media:

• Media play an important role in the survival and thriving of democracy. It is the link between government and citizens, providing citizens with knowledge of government actions, policies, and inefficiencies.

• As the fourth pillar, media play a key role in realizing the true meaning of democracy.

Media's Role in Linking Governments and Citizens:

Sources of Information: Impartial information is essential to democracy and its development. Media helps convey important knowledge to people. For example, data about economy, health, education, etc.

Education: The media is very important to educate people about the issues that matter most to society. Rising rapes are a public concern. Accurate case counts should be published to contribute to public enlightenment.

Awareness: The media reminds society of its democratic rights, and the media helps maintain checks and balances.

Ensuring equity: The media play a key role in ensuring justice and reaching the benefits of government policy to vulnerable segments of society. For example, the Priyadarshini Mattoo case, the Jessica Lal case, the Nitish Katara murder case, and the Bijal Joshi rape case are notorious criminal cases that could not have been solved without media intervention.

Watchdog: Media coverage of public relations and investigations of public relations misconduct are essential to a stable democracy. That means exposing situations of fraud and abuse that directly benefit politicians. This encourages people to vote for the best government to defeat the corrupt and dishonest government.

Good Governance: The media plays a key role in scrutinizing government policies and spending. An impartial media is important for transparent reporting.

Accountability: Informed people need to question government policies based on facts and statistics to ensure accountability and accountability.

Dissemination of government policies: The media are involved in disseminating and disseminating various government policies and initiatives. The media played an important role in spreading awareness of such as Swachh Bharat and Beti Bachao Beti Padhao.

What is press freedom?

• Press freedom in India is considered part of the freedom of speech and expression guaranteed by the Constitution under Section 19(1)(a).

• Restrictions on 'freedom of opinion and speech' extend to 'freedom of press and media'.

• Section 19 (2) provides for reasonable limitations relating to Indian sovereignty and dignity, national security, public order, decency, morality, or judicial contempt and defamation for the following reasons: I'm here.

What must be done to protect press freedom? 

An independent judiciary that upholds constitutional guarantees of press freedom is an important guarantor of this fundamental right.

•Media self-regulation and powerful institutions such as the Media Ombudsman and Complaints Board enable ethical compliance.

• A regulatory body consisting of both media representatives and government agencies should be established to ensure that the media can operate fairly while controlling arbitrariness.

• Reform should come especially from senior media editors and journalists. They should start by exposing cases of fake news and conflicts of interest and making the press more open.

• We also need legal support for the PCI (Press Council of India) to grant more regulatory powers.

What problems do Indian media face today? 

Freedom of the press is restricted due to laws relating to media coverage, defamation cases, and other cases.

Paid News seems to be firmly entrenched in India as a link between media professionals and politicians. For example, fake polls during elections. Between 2009 and 2013, the Election Commission said he detected more than 1,400 paid messages. The credibility of news channels and newspapers has been undermined by biased reporters, editors and others.

Corporate and Political Lobbying and Ownership: Most media outlets are owned or sponsored by corporations with their own political leanings, limiting the media's unbiased reporting.

Yellow Journalism: Unnecessarily raising issues to get TRP confuses real news footage. Examples: Live coverage of the Sushant Singh Rajput incident and the 9/26 attacks. in Bombay.

Poor regulation: Self-regulatory bodies like PCI (Press Council of India) do not have the power to regulate the press or to legislate.

The emergence of digital media: Fighting for news exclusivity just to meet higher commitments without testing the credibility of the news. Media Trial: In many cases, the media will announce the verdict shortly after the allegation. This is a contempt of court and an infringement of the defendant's status who will later be expelled.

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