Nature manifests itself in a variety of ways, both gentle and aggressive. We can see how it can be calm at times and then become fierce at others. Of course, everyone admires the calm side, but when the ferocious side emerges, devastation ensues. Because humans cannot control everything, certain natural phenomena are beyond our control. Similarly, when natural disasters occur, humans have no control over them. We can, however, prevent them. In other words, whenever a calamitous situation arises that threatens life and the ecosystem, we require immediate action to save and preserve lives. Natural disasters are unpredictable and can occur anywhere and at any time. To fully comprehend disaster management, we must first identify the various types of disasters. Looking at previous disasters, we can easily conclude that nature is not solely to blame for their occurrence. They occur for a variety of reasons. This is why we divided them into different groups. Then there are natural disasters caused by natural processes. They are the most dangerous natural disasters that cause loss of life and damage to the environment. Earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, and other natural disasters are among the deadliest. There are also man-made disasters. They are the result of technological flaws or human negligence. Fires, nuclear explosions or radiations, oil spills, transportation accidents, terrorist attacks, and other man-made disasters are examples. Nature has little or no say in these kinds of disasters. Because no country is immune to natural disasters, India is no exception. India's geographical location makes it a disaster-prone country. Every year, India is hit by a slew of natural disasters, including floods, earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, cyclones, and droughts. When it comes to man-made disasters, India has seen the Bhopal Gas Tragedy as well as the Gujarat Plague. To prevent similar incidents from occurring in the future, we must improve our disaster management techniques. Disaster management is the effective management of resources and responsibilities to lessen the impact of a disaster. It entails a well-planned course of action so that we can make effective efforts to minimise the dangers caused by the disaster.

Most importantly, disaster management does not necessarily eliminate the threat, but rather reduces the impact of the disaster. It focuses on developing specific plans to accomplish this. In India, the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is in charge of disaster monitoring. This organisation has several programmes in place to reduce risks and improve responsiveness. Proper disaster management can be accomplished by making citizens aware of the precautionary measures to be taken in the event of an emergency. For example, everyone should be aware that in the event of an earthquake, we should seek shelter beneath a bed or table. As a result, the NDMA must make more concerted efforts to reduce the damage caused by disasters. We can certainly save a lot of life and vegetation if all citizens learn the basic ways to save themselves and the government takes more responsive measures.

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