Effects of Animal Husbandry

 Negatives effects of Animal Husbandry in India

Animal husbandry is one of the most important sector which provide sufficient income and development to the community.  Continuous animal husbandry will cause great impacts to the degradation of our planet. In most places we are facing environmental degradation and floods are occurring regularly. Management of waste of animal products, overgrazing, loss of habitat of animals, over fishing are some of the negative side of animal husbandry. Large amount of animals are also becoming extinct due to environmental changes. Animal agriculture produces 65% of the world's nitrous oxide emissions which has a global warming impact 296 times greater than carbon dioxide. For rearing and animal husbandry activities using of agricultural land  it is one of the greatest contributions to loss of biodiversity,  deforestation and water pollution, soil pollution,  pesticide related health issues. It also generates large amount of green house gases. Animal husbandry in large amount like selling of eggs, fishing can harm and reduce the lifespan of animals, in few years some of the species will become extinct. When the  grazing areas dry up, the  pastoralists will be forced to travel farther to find food and many animals will likely starve. In particular, cattle, goats, camels, sheep, and other animals who depend on access to grazing areas for food will suffer from hunger and dehydration.

Animal husbandry and feed grain production are linked together, the greatest negative effect are global warming and  climate change. Animal husbandry  disrupt the weather, temperature, and ecosystem health. The IPCC predicts a growth of drought-affected areas, lower water availability for large numbers of people, and that events such as heat waves, drought, and storms will lead to more death and disease, especially for those not in the position to adapt.  As  water supplies dry up, farmers and herders are living out an ancient struggle over land and water resources. Maintaining intensive animal production facilities, as well as growing the associated animal feed, may emit 90 million tonnes of CO2 per year due to requirements such as electricity and diesel fuel. It also affect  human health and animal welfare implications of transporting live animals between different cities and countries, and can cause spreading of animal diseases. We should try to create sustainable and zero waste environment and to some extend end the destruction of our ecosystem and economy.

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