The United Nations

The names ‘United Nations’ was devised by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by the United Nations of Jan 1, 1942 during second World War. It is an association of states which have pledged themselves to maintain international peace and security and cooperate in solving international political, economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24th October 1945. United Nations day is celebrated on 24th October each year. New member states are admitted by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council. Official languages of UN are : Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The UN has a post office originating its own stamps. The headquarters New York city, USA. Principal organs of the UN are : General Assembly, Secretariat, Security Council, Trusteeship Council, Economic and Social Council and International Court of Justice. 

The General Assembly consist of the representatives of all the member states. Each state has one vote. The General Assembly meets atheist once in a year. It elects its own President and Vice president every year.

Trusteeship Council – The Charter provides for an international trusteeship system to safeguard the interest of the inhabitants of territories which are not yet fully self governing and which may be placed under by individual trusteeship agreements. These are called trust territories. 

International Court – The International Court of Justice was created by an international treaty, the Statute of the Court which forms the integral part of the United Nations Charter. The headquarters located The Peace Palace, Netherlands. The Court has its seat at The Hague, but may sit elsewhere whenever it considers desirable. The expenses of the Court are borne by the UN. The languages are English and French.

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