Australia and Canada

 Australia and Canada

Australia is known as Commonwealth of Australia. The capital of Australia is Canberra. Other large cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide. The languages spoken by people are English. The currency of Australia is Australian dollar. Australia got its independence on 1st January 1901. Type of government is democratic Australia has been developed into modern industrial nation build up an efficient , productive agricultural system. It is an important producer and exporter of agricultural product especially wool, wheat, meat. Mines provide minerals and metals of many types including coal, bauxite, gold, iron ore, oil and natural gas etc for use by local and overseas industries. The three best known icons of Australia are : Ayers Rock, the Great Barrier Reef and the Sydney Opera House. Australia has many unique plant and animal species including kangaroos, koalas, dingos, Tasmanian devils, wombats and frilled lizards. Australian external territories include : Norfolk Island, Coral Sea Islands territory, Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Island, Cocos Island, Kiritimati (Christmas island) and Australian Antarctic territory, the Heard Island and Mc Donald Islands.


Canada’s capital is Ottawa. The other large cities are Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Edmonton. The languages spoken are English and French. Currency of Canadian dollar. Canada got its independence on 1st July 1867. The government type is federal parliamentary democracy. Canada is the second largest country in the world occupies all of the northern most part of North America except Alaska in west and small French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. In 1867, the dominion of Canada was created by the confederation of Quebec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. The mineral industry forest product and agriculture have been major factors in Canada’s economic development. Forest covers about half of Canada’s total land area. Canada is major producer of hydroelectricity, oil and gas, newsprint. It is also leading mineral producer and exporter. The Detroit–Windsor area acts as a critical commercial link straddling the Canada–United States border. It is North America's largest cross-border conurbation.

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