Sustainable Development

 Substainable Development 

What is Substainable Development

Sustainable development can be defined as an approach to the economic development of a country without compromising with the quality of the environment for future generations. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, deforestation, etc. This damage may surpass the advantages of having more quality output of goods and services.

Examples of Sustainable Development 

1. Wind energy

2. Solar energy

3. Crop rotation

4. Sustainable construction

5. Efficient water fixtures

6. Green space

7. Sustainable forestry

The concept of 'needs', in particular, the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and

Types of sustainable development 

The three types of sustainable development are:

1. Economic viability
2. Environmental protection
3. Social equity

1. Economic viability -

Economic sustainability refers to practices that support long-term economic growth without negatively impacting social, environmental, and cultural aspects of the community.

2. Environmental protection -

Environmental protection is aimed at maintaining (and recovering when necessary) a healthy natural environment. Sustainable development embraces environmental, social and economic objectives, to deliver long-term equitable growth which benefits current and future generations.

3. Social equity -

Social equity is the orphaned element of sustainable development. The President’s Council on Sustainable Development (1996) defined social equity as “equal opportunity, in a safe and healthy environment.” Social equity is the least defined and least understood element of the triad that is sustainable development yet is integral in creating sustainability—balancing economic, environmental, and social equity. 

Sustainable development goals

According to the UN, The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world’s shared plan to end severe poverty, reduce inequality, and protect the planet by 2030.

1. Eliminate Poverty
2. Erase Hunger
3. Establish Good Health and Well-Being
4. Provide Quality Education
5. Enforce Gender Equality
6. Improve Clean Water and Sanitation
7. Grow Affordable and Clean Energy
8. Create Decent Work and Economic Growth
9. Increase Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
10. Reduce Inequality
11. Mobilize Sustainable Cities and Communities
12. Influence Responsible Consumption and Production
13. Organize Climate Action
14. Develop Life below Water
15. Advance Life on Land
16. Guarantee Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions
17. Build Partnerships for the Goals

Objectives of sustainable development -

The four objectives of sustainable development are :

• Stable economic growth- The eradication of poverty and hunger to ensuring a healthy life.

• Conservation of natural resources - Achieve universal access to basic services such as water, sanitation, and sustainable energy.

• Social progress and equality - Reduce inequalities in the world, especially gender inequalities. Supporting the generation by the development of opportunities through inclusive education and decent work. Foster innovation and resilient infrastructures by creating communities and cities capable of producing and consuming sustainably.

• Environmental protection - Caring for the environment by combating climate change and protecting oceans and terrestrial ecosystems.

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