Need for Disaster Management

 Need for Disaster Management in every country 

A disaster whether natural or human induced, it is an event that results widespread human loss. It is accompanied by loss of livelihood. It will also cause disruption in the normal functioning of our society. It is a big blow to our countries economy. Disaster can be categorized based on the speed. Slow onset Disaster that prevails for many days, months and years. Some of the examples are drought, famine, environmental degradation etc. Rapid onset disaster they are triggered by an instantaneous shock. The impact of these kind of disasters are long term. They include cyclone, earthquake , flash flood, volcanic eruption etc.

Disaster management covers wide range of activities which are specially designed to maintain control over disasters or emergency situations. It provide a proper framework and help citizens of each country to avoid and reduce the effect of disaster that they face. It also offer an immediate recovery from the impact of a disaster. These activities include mitigation, emergency response, recovery and relief. It may be conducted during , before or after the disaster occurs. When a disaster strikes a place , immediate response and relief activities are carried out by government, non governmental organizations (NGO’s), and various other religious bodies in the society. It include search and rescue of the affected sections of the society. They are provided clothing, provision of food, shelter medicine and first aid facilities needed. After that rehabilitation and reconstruction measures are taken which help the affected sections of society to come back to their normal life. These activities help to restore their living conditions and encourage and facilitate necessary adjustments caused by disaster. These include building up of permanent roads, improvised power and communication networks should be established and restored. It also include economic rehabilitation for those people who have lost their livelihood.

Long and short term measures are taken up in order to reduce the impact of disasters, various structured and non- structured initiatives are taken up to ensure the safety of the society. These measures include construction of disaster resistant buildings, raising embankments beside the rivers etc. These are the structural measures. The non- structural measures include creating awareness and preparation plans in locality and society levels in order to prepare and face better for upcoming problems and disasters. These measures are also known as mitigation measures. Each and every society and country should be prepared with effective measures in order to reduce the impact of disasters upon the community. So in order to safeguard and preserve its citizens and country as a whole from disasters it is vital that we should be equipped with an effective, efficient and powerful disaster management system. We all have to respond rapidly to every situation and have to cope up with them effectively for our countries survival.

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